The recent violence that erupted in Charlottesville, Virginia, began with a protest by white nationalists over the planned removal of Confederate statues. They had a permit for their initial demonstration.
No matter how offensive their message of white male supremacy and neo-Nazi views were to many, they were within their rights, civil rights attorney Charles Coleman Jr. said.
“Under the Constitution and the First Amendment, there’s no distinction between what’s hateful speech and what’s loving speech, if you will,” he said.
The demonstration turned deadly when a white supremacist sympathizer drove his car into a crowd of counter-protestors, killing Heather Heyer, 32, and injuring dozens of others.
“If speech is going to incite violence, that’s when you’ve crossed the line of it being illegal,” Coleman said. “You can’t advocate openly for violence against any particular group or person. That’s when you start going into the realm of what’s illegal speech.”
The white nationalists who displayed the Confederate flag, a symbol of slavery, were within their legal rights as private individuals. But the symbol still has a role in public institutions and government. It is part of the Mississippi state flag. Civil rights attorney Carlos Moore of the Tucker Moore Law Group is fighting all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court to have it removed.
“I do believe that the state or government actors should not be allowed to display images that celebrate slavery or advocate white supremacy,” Moore said. “I believe that crosses the line and that’s unacceptable.”
Coleman said he believes Charlottesville is not an isolated incident.
“Our ground has been fertilized to have this happen all over the country if we’re not careful,” he said.
So, can a distinction be made between free speech and hate speech? And if hate speech leads directly to violence, should it be banned? Street Soldiers host Lisa Evers poses those questions and more to a distinguished panel of contributors.
What do you think? Comment in the space below.
LISA EVERS, host of Street Soldiers
EVAN BERNSTEIN, New York regional director, Anti-Defamation League
CHARLES COLEMAN JR., civil rights attorney
FRED THE GODSON, hip hop artist
CARLOS MOORE, civil rights attorney
Street Soldiers host Lisa Evers, of Hot 97 and Fox 5, gathered a diverse and illustrious panel for the 2017 Push 4 Peace town hall in Brooklyn.
Lisa started the Push 4 Peace series seven years ago in Newark to address gun violence and always focused on positive alternatives for youth. This summer, Street Soldiers took a different twist: how hip hop can change our lives and our communities.
The pre-show event featured Street Soldiers DJ Michael Medium, refreshments, and even video gaming with the champion known as Hip Hop Gamer. While the crowd enjoyed the music, Lisa caught up with some of the celebrities on the red carpet, including Josh X and DMC.
Youth groups came out to Brooklyn Borough Hall to take in lessons learned and advice from our diverse panel, including Hot 97’s own DJ Enuff.
Lisa took questions and comments from the audience, too. There was a lot to learn about the positive power of music from our awesome panel.
Music producer Buda Da Future, hip hop legend DMC of Run-DMC, DJ Enuff of Hot 97, music journalist Sowmya Krishnamurthy, Brooklyn’s own rap star PHresher, and model/podcast host Jazzie Belle share the secrets of their success on this special episode of Street Soldiers
In June, Fox 5 went inside Rikers Island for an exclusive town hall with Fat Joe, inmates and the Department of Correction. We were shown the best. But we weren’t allowed to see a lot more.
A former inmate, now free on bail with an ankle bracelet, is awaiting trial for attempted murder. He told me they’re dehumanized from Day 1.
No one denies the do-or-die culture. COBA, the correction officers’ union, said slashings and stabbings of guards are increasing.
A Rikers Island correction officer is breaking his silence so people know what is really going on. He said the violence has to stop. Fox 5 is protecting his identity for his safety. He said an inmate stabbed him three times in the ear. The officer went back to work at Rikers after treatment, but he hasn’t been the same, he told us.
Mayor Bill de Blasio issued a 51-page report on how Rikers could be closed. Overpopulation is one factor in the violence. Another is inmate idle time. Job training programs like those in G.M.D.C. have certified more than 1,500 inmates, a fraction of the jail’s roughly 8,000 inmates.
Deputy Commissioner Winette Jackson said positive change takes time.
“A large part of our job, our mission, is to really help, correct and rehabilitate the individuals who are in the custody of the department,” she said.
The start of a culture shift is seeing some improvement in inmate-officer contacts in G.M.D.C. The programs are in demand. There aren’t enough to go around.
In a special episode of Street Soldiers, Lisa Evers is joined by Fat Joe for the first ever town hall inside Rikers Island with inmates and correction officers. Joe said he stays close to the community and did not hold back.
Rows on rows of razor barbed wire around the GMDC building on Rikers Island say “jail” bigger than any sign. Inside, a gated checkpoint secures the lockdown area. Fox 5 got an exclusive look inside the jail that is temporary home to about 400 men, ages 18 to 21. They’ve all been arrested but the vast majority of them have not yet had their day in court. For some detainees, time served on Rikers is their initiation into the prison pipeline. For a growing number of others, it is a wake-up call before it is too late.
“I went from a negative mindset to a positive mindset,” inmate Eric Patterson said. “Like I went from me thinking the world was against me to now I want to be part of the world. So I think that’s a step forward.” Patterson has earned several job certifications.
“It gave me an opportunity to find myself, because growth as an actor and growth as a human being is synonymous,” former inmate Trey Cruz said. He is a Stella Adler acting scholarship winner.
Inside this high-security facility over the last two years, the Department of Correction has been arming inmates with a variety of career skills so they won’t succumb to the negative influence of the streets once they get out. So far, about 1,500 former inmates left Rikers with job training. Deputy Commissioner Winette Jackson said it is an urgent priority.
“A large part of our job, our mission, is to really help, correct and rehabilitate the individuals who are in the custody of the department,” Jackson said.
Officer Goodloe brought us to the Peace Center, where a lot of the classes take place. Inside the center classrooms is a different world. These inmates are learning the basics of carpentry and getting OSHA certifications. They’ll be job-ready in background-friendly construction fields when they get out.
“As we see, we’re in a carpentry shop. For some of these young men it’s the first time they’ve produced something positive in their life,” said Denise Upshaw, the director of the DOC’s Trading Futures program.
“Our participants are one step closer to securing employment versus someone on the outside who doesn’t have a certification,” said Jermaine Pilgrim, the program director of industry recognized training at Rikers Island.
The special programming also includes digital literacy classes, culinary training, and the basics of car mechanics, taught by a former car repair shop manager who is now a correction officer.
“Majority of them, sadly, they’ve been told they can’t do nothing much, they’re nothing,” said Officer Caetano, the auto mechanic instructor. “But here I give them the confidence that they are able to learn.”
While the push is on for more programming at Rikers Island, the reality is that security remains a top priority. That means safety for the inmates and for the correction officers. From 2015 to 2016, violent incidents involving 18- to 21-year-old men dropped a whopping 58 percent. That coincided with the implementation of the new training programs.
“The data show us that approximately 80 percent of the individuals in our custody will be home within a year,” Deputy Commissioner Jackson said. “And if we don’t try to provide skills and services that assist individuals with the reasons why they came here to begin with, then we’re looking at a larger problem for our community.”
Keep in mind that about 80 percent of the inmates have been arrested, but not convicted of crimes.
Since 2015 the Correction Department has been under a federal court order to reduce the use of excessive force against inmates. But the correction officers union, COBA, said the emphasis on inmates’ rights has caused a dramatic spike in attacks against officers.